About Armenia

General Information

Official Name

Republic of Armenia (RA), short: Armenia

Flag

The flag is tricolor with three horizontal and equal alternating stripes of red, blue and orange(from top to bottom). The correlation between the width and length of the flag is 1/2.

Flag

The Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia is as follows: On a shield, positioned in the center, Mount Ararat is represented with Noah’s Arch and the coats of arms of the four royal dynasties of the historical Armenia: from top to left – that of the Bargratunides, from top to right – that of the Arshakounides, from bottom to left – that of Artashesides, from bottom to right – that of the Rubenides. The shield is upheld by an eagle (on the left) and lion (on the right). There is a sword, as well as a branch of a tree, a bundle of spikes, a chain and a ribbon pictured below the shield. Golden is the main color of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia. The colors of the kingdoms of the historical Armenia are as follows: from top to left – red, from top to right – blue, from bottom to left – blue, from bottom to right – red, with orange-painted Mount Ararat positioned in the center on a shield. The foregoing colors emblematize the colors of the national flag of the Republic of Armenia.

The Anthem:

The Anthem of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on July 1, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is based on the Anthem of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920). RA Law on the “Anthem of the Republic of Armenia” was adopted on December 25, 2006. The Armenian national anthem is “Our Fatherland”; lyrics by Michael Nalbandian, music by Barsegh Kanachian.

The Head of State
President

The Supreme Legislative Body
Unicameral National Assembly

The State Language
Armenian (belongs to the Indo-European family of languages)

The Capital
Yerevan city (community status)

Armenia_Museum_of_Art_and_History

Administrative Unit
Marz (total number of 10), communities (total number of 915)
Including:
Urban: 49
Including: Yerevan city with 12 administrative districts
Rural: 866

The national currency
Dram (the international recognition of AMD), that has been circulated since November 1993. 1 dram = 100 luma. 1000, 5000, 10000, 20000, 50000 and 100000 dram bills are in circulation. 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 dram coins are also used.

Emergency phone numbers

Fire 1 01

Police 1 02

Ambulance 1 03

Rescue team 1 18

Useful Telephone Numbers

Local and international call orders 1 05 or 1 07

Telephone directory 1 09

Telephone codes

Armenia 374

Yerevan 10

State holidays and memorial days

December 31st to January 6th – Christmas holiday.

January 28th – Armenian Army Day

March 8th – International Women’s Day

April 7th – Mothers’ and Beauty Day

April 24th – Armenian Genocide Victims’ Memorial Day

May 1st – Day of International Solidarity of Workers

May 9th – Victory and Peace Day

May 28th – First Republic Day

July 5th – Constitution Day

September 21st – Independence Day

December 7th – 1988 Earthquake Victims’ Memorial Day

Armenia

Geografic Information

The country is situated in western part of Asia, occupies the north-eastern part of Armenian plateau – between Caucasus and Nearest Asia (the inter-river territory between the middle flows of the rivers Kur and Araks)

Area
29743 km2 (similar to the Belgium’s and Albania’s territory sizes)

Average Altitude Above Sea Level
1800 m (76.5% of the republican territory is on the height of 1000-2500 m above sea level)

State border 
In the North with Georgia,
In the East with Azerbaijan,
In the West and South-West with Turkey,
In the South with Iran

The greatest extend 
from North-West to South-East comprises 360 km
from West to East 200 km

Earth lowest point 
The underflow region of Debed river 375 m
Mountain, Plateaux 36.4 % (in the Republic of Armenia)

The highest elevation
Peak of Aragats mountain 4090 m

The high mountaintops
Kaputdjugh 3906 m
Azhdahak 3598 m
Spitakasar 3555 m
Vardenis 3522 m

Water reserves
Annually comprise totally 8.5 bln. m3, of which 6.54 bln. m3 – surface water flow

The longest rivers (in the Republic of Armenia) 
Araks 158 km
Akhuryan 186 km
Vorotan 111 km
Debed 154 km
Hrazdan 141 km
Aghstev 81 km

Lakes 
Sevan (as of 31.12.2010) surface 1270.8 km2 (28 rivers and small rivers flow in Lake Sevan, only Hrazdan river originates from the lake)
the height above sea level 1899.90 m

Arpi surface 22.0 km2
the height above sea level 2021 m

Sev surface 2.0 km2
the height above sea level 2666 m

Akna surface 0.80 km2
the height above sea level 3032 m

The average temperature 
in January -2.3 C
in June +16.3 C

The quantity of precipitations, mm
652.6

Time
The average time, GMT +4 hours

Climate
Dry-land

yerevan-2010-4

Demographic Information

Population
3.2 mln. person (according to de jure population indicator),
3.0 mln. person (according to de facto population indicator)

Ethnic Breakdown
Armenians (98%), Yezidis, Russians, Assyrians, Ukrainians, Kurds, Greeks, and Others (According to the 2001 census results)

Vigen Hakhverdian website picture.

http://www.photo-armenia.com/